Volkswagen T3 (T25) Vanagon
Type 2 (T3) Volkswagen van was built from 1979 to 1991. In Britain and Ireland it was known as T25, as transporter or Caravelle in Europe and in United States, these are known as Vanagons. It was the last of the rear-engined Volkswagens. Vanagon is larger and heavier, with square corners replacing the rounded edges of the older models. The width of T3 increased to 12 cm and also the weight of the vehicle increased. Many changes were made in the vehicle. Few changes are as follows: Most of the mechanical components were new, size of rear door increased, design changed to square shape etc.
Initially, the same engines used to power the T2 were used to power the T3. In 1981, water cooled diesel engine was available as optional equipment. After three years, water cooled gasoline boxer versions were replaced with air-cooled ones. Vanagon was available with a 1.6 or 2.0 liter air-cooled engine. A 1.9- liter water-cooled engine soon replaced the prior versions. A 2.1 liter unit with fuel injection was offered as optional equipment. Diesel and turbo-diesel options were also used.
Vanagon has larger disc brakes in the front and drums in the rear. Amenities available in Vanagon are power steering, air conditioning, power door locks, electrically controlled and heated mirrors, lighted vanity mirrors and a light above the glove box.
Some usual features include brake master cylinder is inside the dashboard. To protect from external elements, battery in gasoline-powered models is located under the passenger side front seat. There is a compartment of slightly smaller size under the driver’s side seat, for a second battery.
These vehicles are well-built and strong chassis are often found to be as good as new underneath, thus creating a platform with good scope for very long life if given minimum attention annually.
There are several Vanagon models available in US markets. Some of them are Vanagon L, which has optional cloth seats, upscale interior panels and an optional dashboard blower. Vanagon GL has the nicest amenities. Westfalia pop-top camper Vanagons has integrated kitchen and bedding. Westfalia campers are available in two variants, standard model and Weekender.
Eurovan had engine mounted in the front. It was Volkswagen who first produced front-engined van. Some Eurovans were sent to Winnebago industries to be converted into campers. Eurovans was offered in different configurations like seven-passenger GLS, Weekender, Camper, high-proof panel van and more. TDI diesel engines with direct injection were used to power the vehicle. Due to TDI diesel engines, performance of vehicle increased.
T4 was produced from 1990 through early 2000s. The major change that occurred in T4 in 1994 was that front end was re-shaped. This change allowed the VR6 six-cylinder engine to be mounted in the engine bay.